Philosophy in a nutshell


  Contemporary understanding of philosophy, from everyday wisdom to academic treatise, has grown over time as understanding of culture has for instance. Understanding the underlying principles of a statement leads to diversified response and, furthermore, to contentual contestation. Thereby, all groundbreaking philosophical ideas stem from discourse and criticism of previous views. Historical development of philosophy,…
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Tree of knowledge


  Nothing seems as arcane, academic and sophisticated as philosophy, the discipline of questioning truth and meaning, life and world, and not whatsoever else. Long is the tradition of the philosophizing man, since the youngest day of human thinking, many thoughts about us and our environment have grown, the seemingly more valid ones grew bigger…
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“Gewiss sind das Sterne”


  Gewissheit, meiner grösster Feind. Und dabei sehnt es den Menschen stets nach Gewissheit. Wenn mir Gewissheit derart gegen den Magen geht, bin ich denn auch Mensch? Gewiss, ich bin mir selber auch zuwider, nur lernte ich zu scherzen. Aller Übel liegt Gewissheit zugrunde: Die Angst bei Kommendem, die Rache bei Verlorenem, die Hochmut bei…
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Zara und L(i)eben


  Auszug aus Nietzsche: Biographie seines Denkens (2000) von Rüdiger Safranski. „Hat Nietzsche deshalb – weil er merkte, dass er das Entscheidende noch nicht richtig zur Sprache gebracht hat – Anfang 1885 noch ein viertes Zarathustra-Buch verfasst, obwohl er doch nach Beendigung des dritten Buches überzeugt war, mit seinem Zarathustra fertig zu sein? Doch auch…
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Survival of the smartest


  Intelligence as the measure of intellect. Intelligence as capacity for understanding, abstraction or logic. Intelligence as the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills. Intelligent. More intelligent. Most intelligent. Less intelligent. Least intelligent. Few words have such an judgemental and evaluative connotation as intelligence in our modern society permanently seeking for efficiency, structure…
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Disturbing freedom


  What often bothers me in everyday life is the normative barrier. One speaks of freedom of speech, and yet it has its limitations: Not every subject enjoys the same acceptance. Why is fundamental virtue such as curiosity, the desire to learn and to ask, punished with rejection and contempt? In a broader sense, why…
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Satire in Polish


  Pawła Kuczyńskiego (Pawel Kuczynski) has become a famous Polish illustrator in the meantime. His satirical works are known throughout the, at least interconnected, world. Being surrealist in their form, the digital paintings remain prevalent: In an appealing and simple fashion, actuality and necessity are brought together. Even if these pictures are doubtlessly overused and…
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Double Sarcasm


  I know how stupid, literally ignorant and hateful, the average christian fundamentalist can look like, but, thanks to the world wide web, a recent entry showed some interesting ambiguity: the self-proclaimed adversaries, the atheist scepticists, are on war footing as well. The following example exhibits some theists arguing for their persuasion of evolution trough…
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  Various philosophical attitudes and tendencies have been visualized in a plain and symbolic manner by the talented designer Genis Carreras. For the first time I see rather complicated concepts in a such appealing illustratory fashion. The so-called Philographics wake curiosity and interest: What are they actually standing for? Which one can I identify with?…
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Science: belief or truth


  Any sound scientific theory, whether of time or of any other concept, should in my opinion be based on the most workable philosophy of science: the positivist approach put forward by Karl Popper and others. According to this way of thinking, a scientific theory is a mathematical model that describes and codifies the observations…
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